Julia Gohlke has published "Carcinogenicity of gentian violet, leucogentian violet, malachite green, leucomalachite green, and CI Direct Blue 218" in The Lancet Oncology. Gohlke was part of a working group of 11 scientists from eight countries that met remotely at the invitation of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) to finalize their evaluation of the carcinogenicity of five agents used as dyes and reagents, and for their antibacterial and antifungal properties.

Julia Gohlke is an associate professor of environmental health in the college's Department of Population Health Sciences. Her research focuses on development of methods to assess the role of the environment in human health.